An Introduction to Organizational Communication. Behavior that contains both a good mean and a good end is considered ethical behavior. Specifically, in order to gain business, the presenter lied to the client (mean). Nature Of Ethics 1. takes the idea of ethics one step further and explains that examining the intent of the behavior is only half of the ethical equation. Relative ethics is the nearest approximation to this ideal according to the more or less perfectly evolved society in which human person happens to find him/her. The standard is the interests of my friends, group, or community. It is not reducible to those traits, however; it is unchanging and timeless. The word ethics is derived from a Greek word ‘ethos’ meaning character. Smart business people should not be hampered in their behavior by any archaic or contemporary notions of good and bad business behavior. Understanding the Nature of Ethics, Values, and Purposes of Business, Health Care and Law: Implications and Applications for Community Sport David Cruise Malloy, Ph.D., Professor, Faculty of Kinesiology and Health Studies, University of Regina The interest in ethics is certainly not new. Analyze one of the ethical lapses listed using three of the eleven philosophical perspectives on ethics. It differs from an individual to an individual, society to society, culture to culture, country to country. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concerns matters of value, and thus comprises the branch of philosophy called axiology. define ethics as the: …critical analysis of cultural values to determine the validity of their vigorous rightness or wrongness in terms of two major criteria: truth and justice. Component of the ethical matrix where an individual employs good means that lead to a bad end. Look at the list of major ethical lapses in business discussed at the beginning of this chapter. McCroskey (2006)McCroskey, J. C. (2006). The standard is based on three principles of justice: 1) each person has a right to basic liberties; 2) everyone ought to be given the same chance to qualify for offices and jobs; and 3) when inequalities exist, a priority should be given to meeting the needs of the disadvantaged. However, when stakeholders’ needs are in conflict, priority should be given to meeting the needs of those in subjugated stakeholder groups. Emphasis is on how one. You can browse or download additional books there. Parhizgar and Parhizgar (2006)Parhizgar, K. D., & Parhizgar, R. (2006). Business must behave in a manner that helps the social fabric of society. In essence, the presenter had a good mean (persuasive argument) that lead to a good end (increased market share). is that the goal of ethics is the development of moral goodness. In this case, the presenter developed a clear argument based on facts in an attempt to persuade a client (mean). Ethics, Demonstrated in Geometrical Order (Latin: Ethica, ordine geometrico demonstrata), usually known as the Ethics, is a philosophical treatise written in Latin by Benedictus de Spinoza. After the client signs a contract with your business, you discover that one of your competitors is better suited for the client’s specific interests. In this case, the presenter purposefully lied to the client in an effort to sign the client. According to Wrench, Thomas-Maddox, Richmond, and McCroskey (2008)Wrench, J. S., Thomas-Maddox, C., Richmond, V. P., & McCroskey, J. C. (2008). Machiavelli’s greatest work, The Prince, written in 1513, created much controversy because Machiavelli wrote that princes should retain absolute control of their lands and should use any means necessary to accomplish this end, including deceit. Both “means” and “ends” can be evaluated as either good or bad. People should communicate in a manner that is consistent with a range of stakeholders. An introduction to rhetorical communication: A Western rhetorical perspective (9th ed.). How does filtering one’s ethical framework based on a specific philosophical perspective alter how you view those ethical lapses. "Ethics" may be broadly defined as that division of philosophy which deals with questions concerning the nature of value in matters of human conduct. Second, behavior is deemed unethical if an individual uses a bad mean to achieve a bad end. McCroskey believes that examining the “goodness” of the outcome of the behavior is also important when examining ethics. Unfortunately, there is not one clear determination for what is or what is not ethical. The standard is based on doing what is best or good for others. Meta-ethics It consists in the attempt to answer the fundamental philosophical questions about the nature of ethical theory itself. Ethics is mainly known as the principle of moral conduct that makes a distinction between good and bad/ evil, right and wrong, virtue and non-virtue. McCroskey, J. C., Wrench, J. S., & Richmond, V. P. (2003). In an effort to win a new client for your business, you deliver a presentation about how your business is more suited for the client than your competitors. Nature of Ethics refers to the normative standards of behaviour pertaining to the ideal code of conduct of human beings. The first ethical dilemma discussed earlier is an example of a “good” mean leading to a “good” end, or what is termed ethical behaviorComponent of the ethical matrix where an individual employs good means that lead to a good end. Our legal system and cultures/co-cultures define ethical communication. People in business should behave in a manner that does the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people. This specific ethical stance is deemed “subjective” because the intent of the presenter is ultimately only known to the presenter. Ethics is based in right actions, wrong actions and in values, and today in this world is not so easy to be an ethical person. The term “ethics” is a complicated one and has been defined by a wide range of scholars over the years. Ethics is further characterized as both a field of study concerned with moral principles and the moral principles that govern or influence human behavior. In the second ethical dilemma, we have an example of a “bad” mean leading to a “bad” end, or what is termed unethical behaviorComponent of the ethical matrix where an individual employs bad means that lead to a bad end. The standard is an individual’s cultural or legal system of values. Differentiate among the eleven philosophical perspectives of ethics and how they apply to both business ethics and communication ethics. In this case, the presenter had a bad mean (lied to client) that lead to a bad end (decreased market share). After the client signed with the presenter’s business, the client’s share of the market increased. Ethics is examining the relation of an individual to society, to the nature, and or to God. Explain the four different ethical frameworks discussed in the ethical matrix. This notion was so outlandish that Pope Clement VIII described it as heretical. People should communicate in whatever manner is most effective for achieving their communicative goals. It is the study of right and wrong in human endeavors. Ultimately, your business is able to really help the client expand her or his market share. Table 2.2 "Major Ethical Perspectives" lists eleven major philosophical perspectives used to determine what is and what is not ethical. This is substantially different from that of our feeling. (pp. Derived from the Greek word “ethos”, which means “way of living”, ethics is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with human conduct. Some ethicists claim that a bad mean is always unethical while others claim that the end result is what matters when determining the goodness of a behavior. The philosophical study and evaluation of the means and ends of human behavior. For details on it (including licensing), click here. People actually communicate in whatever manner is most effective for achieving their communicative goals. Third, behavior is referred to as the Machiavellian ethic when an individual uses a bad mean to achieve a good end. Unfortunately, after the client signed with the presenter’s company, the client lost part of the market share he or she had before getting involved with the presenter’s company (end). If one wants to set up such a thing like an ethics for nature, then this is a cultural achievement. But in so far as Aesthetics deals with the emotions rather than the reason it comes into contact with Ethics in the psychological field. In the first case there is evidence of malice on the part of the presenter, and in the second case there are uncontrollable outcomes. To simply put, it concerned with questions about what whether or not morality exists, and what it consists of if it does. Ultimately, ethics is an examination of whether an individual uses “good” or “bad” means in an attempt to achieve a desired outcome that could be deemed “good” or “bad”. Lastly, when an individual uses a good mean to achieve a bad end, the behavior is referred to as the subjective ethic. Ethics is concerned, with the nature, object, faculty and standard of moral judgements. Ethics is concerned with the highest or absolute good. Nature of Ethics Student Guide ParentRap/Pixabay.com Ethics are the basic principles that govern your behavior. 27–28). Communicative behavior must lead to a good end for the receiver. Although some people have different views on what ethics means, following ethical principles means your ethical beliefs don’t change when you’re in a new situation. Component of ethical analysis where one examines the outcomes that an individual or group of individuals desire to achieve. Ethical business behavior must be good for other people. There are some communicative behaviors that are never ethical (e.g., deception). This perspective is very clear on what is good and what is bad—no middle ground. See the license for more details, but that basically means you can share this book as long as you credit the author (but see below), don't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms. Ethics is further characterized as both a field of study concerned with moral principles and the moral principles that govern or influence human behavior. 2) One’s nationalistic culture determines what is ethical. Individual communicators determine what is and is not ethical from their own individual vantage point. The term is also applied to … Natural law … Socrates ... is the study of the nature of moral standards, principles, values, and theories. New York: Oxford University Press., the term “Machiavellian ethic” derives its name from: …Niccolò Machiavelli [who] believed that the ends justify the means. Multicultural business ethics and global managerial moral reasoning. People in business should behave in a manner that is consistent with the interests of their social networks and communities. Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior ". Thus, the fundamental nations of Ethics are right, duty and good, the nature of which it investigates. Parhizgar, K. D., & Parhizgar, R. (2006). It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations.” Nature of Business Ethics The central questions raised in this course in ethics are (1) What is the nature of the life of excellence?, (2) What is the ultimate worth of the goals you seek?, and (3) What specific courses of conduct, in keeping with these goals, will help lead to the life of excellence? The ethical choices get affected significantly by our feelings. Ethics examines the rational justification for our moral judgments; it studies what is morally right or wrong, just or unjust. DonorsChoose.org helps people like you help teachers fund their classroom projects, from art supplies to books to calculators. Component of ethical analysis where one examines the tools or behaviors that an individual or group of individuals employ to achieve a desired outcome. When a bad mean leads to a bad end, the behavior is considered unethical. The first two quadrants in the ethical matrix are obvious and are easily discerned in the world of business. This content was accessible as of December 29, 2012, and it was downloaded then by Andy Schmitz in an effort to preserve the availability of this book. The client is impressed with your presentation and decides to sign a contract with your business. Ethics deals with morality, but it is not the same as morality. Oxford, Britain: At the Clarendon Press., the word “ ethics ” is derived from the Greek ethos or the nature or disposition of a culture. In the final ethical scenario, there was a “good” mean that lead to a “bad” end. (p. 77). The eleven philosophical traditions discussed in Table 2.2 "Major Ethical Perspectives" help to illustrate how varied the perspectives on ethics have been by various philosophical thinkers (Lewis & Speck, 1990). Here we have a situation where there was a bad mean (lied to client) that lead to a good end (increased market share). Ethics innately prevent individuals from creating new ideas and values that challenge the status quo, so individuals of superior intellect should disavow any attempt by others to subject them to an ethical perspective. This field has given a new dimension to the topics of conservation of natural resources and protection of the environment. The standard is based on whether behavior helps to restore the social fabric of society. It consists of a code of conduct of human beings living in a society. The standard is the greatest good for the greatest number of people. People in business should behave in whatever manner is most effective to achieve their self-interests. Whatever an individual in business determines is ethical for her or his behavior is ethical for that individual. There are many different philosophical traditions in the study of ethics. You develop a well-honed argument based on the facts at hand. Absolute ethics is an ideal code of conduct formulating the behaviour of the completely adapted human person in the completely evolved society. in the ethical matrix. Morality is the subject matter that ethics studies. Good and bad; right and wrong. It answers the question, "What do I do?"

what is the nature of ethics

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