It is often confused with two similar-looking species with the same common name, Leiocassis siamensis from Asia and Microglanis poecilus from South America. Contact us 263 LeabklongParsricharoen Fangtai Road, Nongkheam District, Nongkheam Bangkok 10160 Thailand Tel : 662-4293118 , 662-4293119 Fax : 662-8149188 Mobile : 6681-9154225(Kung) Distinctive Features alimudan (Visayan), hito (Tagalog), hitong batukan (Tagalog), ikan keling (Malay), ito (Kapampangan), kawatsi (Kuyunon), keli (Malay), klarievyi som (Russian), konnamonni (Finnish), leleh (Javanese), magur (Bengali), nga-khoo (Burmese), paltat (Ilokano), pla duk nam jued (Thai), trey andaing roueng (Khmer), and wanderwels (German) are common names used in countries other than the U.S. Dentition [3][9] Although research projects are currently ongoing, relatively little is known about this species. [15], Endemic to the lower half of the Mekong River, this catfish is in danger of extinction due to overfishing, as well as the decrease in water quality due to development and upstream damming. When people hear the word catfish they tend to think larger freshwater fish which spend the majority of their time sucked onto rocks or feeding on the bottom. [18], In The Anthropologists' Cookbook (1977), Jessica Kuper noted the importance of the pa beuk to the Lao people and remarked, "In times gone by, this huge fish, which is found only in the Mekong, was fairly plentiful, but in the last few years, the number taken annually has dwindled to forty, thirty or twenty, and perhaps in 1976 even fewer. In 2001 they caught seven. Grey to white in colour and lacking stripes, the Mekong giant catfish is distinguished from other large catfish species in the river by the near-total lack of barbels and the absence of teeth. Historically, the fish's natural range reached from the lower Mekong in Vietnam (above the tidally influenced brackish water of the river's delta) all the way to the northern reaches of the river in the Yunnan Province of China, spanning almost the entire 4,800 km (3,000 mi) length of the river. The walking catfish possesses very small eyes, a lengthy dorsal and anal fin that each terminate in a lobe near but free from the caudal fin, and pectoral fins with rigid spine-like elements, one each at the fore. Besides colonizing a vast area, walking catfish have achieved extraordinary levels of abundance in certain areas of South Florida as well. (2014). Clarias is derived from Latin, meaning “shining”. Wading birds are particularly adept at exploiting walking catfishes “stranded” in shallow drying pools and other evaporating water bodies. Numerous small pointed teeth occur in large bands on both the upper and lower jaw of the walking catfish. The head is flat and broad and the body tapers to the tail in a manner that calls to mind the shape of a slender tadpole. In 2002 they caught just five.[20]. Valued in aquaculture by some Southeast Asian peoples, it seems likely that human activities are responsible for the presence of the species in some of the more disjunct portions of its current range. Reproduction [1] Specimens are released into reservoirs rather than the Mekong River itself. An internal feature of the walking catfish that is of considerable note with regard to its ability to traverse short stretches of land is the suprabranchial arborescent organ. No spots and a deeply forked tail. Nocturnal by nature, this catfish can be kept safely with other nonaggressive species of a similar size, but it will prey on smaller companions, especially the fry of livebearing fish . BOOK FREE CLASS; COMPETITIVE EXAMS. Walking catfishes are found in a wide variety of habitats including lakes and rivers but are best known for their ability to thrive where many fishes cannot. It is also called the Gunther’s or yellow catfish or the gold spotted Thai cat. Fragmentation caused by dams increasingly poses threats to larval fish. The male will grow bristles along his cheeks, but sometimes these aren't visible, however the cheek area will have darker colouration where the bristles will be. Since the explosive initial spread of this species in Florida, its dispersal northward has slowed. Predators The specific epithet is for the species country of origin, Panama. Phractocephalus Hemioliopterus. Explore the scientific names of relatively well-known plants and animals. … [2] The Mekong giant catfish once held the Guinness World Records' position for the world's largest freshwater fish in 2005. English: catfish; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Amazon Redtail Catfish. The spread of the walking catfish from one or perhaps two points of introduction encompassed 20 counties in approximately 10 years; effectively the entire southern peninsula of Florida. [2] The largest catch recorded in Thailand since record-keeping began in 1981 was a female measuring 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in) in length and weighing 293 kg (646 lb). [2] It can reportedly weigh up to 350 kg (770 lb). Attaining an unconfirmed length of 3 m (9.8 ft), the Mekong giant catfish grows extremely quickly, reaching a mass of 150 to 200 kg (330 to 440 lb) in six years. Aberrantly colored walking catfish, conspicuous to predators, are uncommon in the wild. Coloration In essence, this accessory air-breathing organ functions much like a lung. In the past, fishers have reported the fish in a number of the Mekong's tributaries. Fishes in the Fresh Waters of Florida Gallery, Check the status of the walking catfish at the IUCN website. The Mekong giant catfish are highly migratory requiring large stretches of river for seasonal journeys and specific environmental conditions in their spawning and breeding areas. Learn what else we are doing to keep you safe. Except for occasional forays to the surface for gulps of atmospheric air, this species spends most of its time on or near the substrate. It also implements projects dedicated to conservation, research, monitoring and raising awareness of the Mekong giant catfish. Catfish are of the bottom-feeding variety of fish and can be found in coastal regions and freshwater habitats. Common Name . Thai fisheries officials stripped the fish of its eggs as part of a breeding programme, intending then to release it, but the fish died in captivity and was sold as food to local villagers. [14] The Mekong giant catfish are toothless herbivores who lives off of the plants and algae in the river. [22] The species is represented as ancient art along the Mekong river.[7]. Finding the many hundreds of miles of interconnected canals in south Florida to be a veritable highway for dispersal, this species spread to 20 counties in 10 years, no doubt aided by its ability to traverse short distances over land and potentially enhanced survivorship imparted by parental care of their young. In the case of the catfish, it is a class of ray-finned fishes known as the Actinopterygii, which also includes tuna, swordfish, salmon, cod, and many other types of fish. 55kg. The Mekong giant catfish once held the Guinness World Records' position for the world's largest freshwater fish in 2005. Orca, however, is by contrast, simple to say. [12] Millions of tons of fish are harvested in Cambodia every year, with spawning fish being over-harvested. Best Methods / Bait. From 2000 to 2003, about 10,000 captive-bred specimens were released by the Thai authorities. Common Name: Walking catfish (clarius catfish, freshwater catfish, thai hito, thailand catfish, alimudan, hito, hitong batukan, ikan keling, ito, kawatsi, keli, klarievyi som, konnamonni, leleh, magur, mah-gur, wagur, manguri, mangur, marpoo, musi, halimeena, pla duk … Current IGFA World Record. Other English language common names include clarias catfish, freshwater catfish, thai hito (Thai), and Thailand catfish. Tiger Catfish (Pseudoplatystoma) A beautiful nocturnal feeder introduced to Thailand from the Amazon and now bred and cross bred by the Thai's to produce striking body patterns ranging from thick defined tiger stripes to leopard style spots. Its species was named Hora after a famous ichthyologist who worked with most freshwater species in India. 55kg Gilberto Fernandos, 28 Dec 2008, Rio Amazonas, Brazil. In the United States, the history of the non-native population established in southern Florida during the early 1960’s is well documented. NCERT Books. The mouth is broad, although the gape is not great. The Mekong giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas; Thai: ปลาบึก, RTGS: pla buek, pronounced [plāː bɯ̀k]; Khmer: ត្រីរាជ /trəy riec/; Vietnamese: cá tra dầu), is a large, critically endangered species of catfish (order Siluriformes) in the shark catfish family (Pangasiidae), native to the Mekong basin in Southeast Asia and adjacent China. however, essentially no sightings are reported outside of the main Mekong river channel and the Tonle Sap region. Because of their mobility and tolerance, and their indiscriminate feeding habits, they have been labeled an aggressively invasive species and blacklisted in several countries, including the US. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Class 1 - 3; Class 4 - 5; Class 6 - 10; Class 11 - 12; CBSE. Owing to its ability to survive extended periods out of water, walking catfish can be sold and traded live with ease, ensuring a fairly fresh food product. Physical Description The Mekong giant catfish is a species of catfish in the shark catfish family. The scientific name for catfish is Siluriformes, and they are a diverse group of ray-finned fish found all throughout the world. The giant of the Mekong . The walking catfish was formally described in 1758 as Silurus batrachus in Carolus Linnaeus’ 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Although such a lower limit would seem to eliminate further northward colonization, concern remains that the species could find refugia in the form of the many warm springs of north central Florida and survive short cold spells through its habit of burrowing into the mud during periods of low temperature. Other English language common names include clarias catfish, freshwater catfish, thai hito (Thai), and Thailand catfish. Ictalurus furcatus. [3] Fish congregate during the beginning of the rainy season and migrate upstream to spawn. Due to a lack of agreement among systematic zoologists, questions have arisen concerning the correct scientific name of some of our fish and shellfish. Although it is native to Southeast Asia, it has successfully invaded other areas with the help of humans, including eastern India, Pakistan, the Philippines, and South Florida. [14] After approximately one year, the fish becomes herbivorous, feeding on filamentous algae, probably ingesting larvae and periphyton accidentally. It is considered Critically Endangered due to accelerating habitat loss. It is now believed to only exist in small, isolated populations in the middle Mekong region. The Thai name Pla duk dam translates to “dull colored wriggling-fish”. [7] Numbers of young fish are declining. It is grey to white in colour and is distinguished by the near-total lack of barbels and the absence of teeth. Identification: Weber (1991, 1992) assigned sailfin catfishes to three genera and used the name Liposarcus multiradiatus for this species (a name used in some of the more recent literature). Local Name. Scientific Name. "[19] In 2000, fishers hauled out 11 giant catfish. Reproductively mature at one year of age, this species is reported to reach a length of 61cm (24 inches) in its native range, although the largest individuals in South Florida rarely exceed 36cm (14 inches). Studies have shown that the lower lethal temperature for walking catfish is 9.4 – 12.8° C, depending upon the “thermal history” of individual fish. Scientific Name. Other Common Names. In densely populated drying pools, walking catfish are particularly indiscriminate in their choice of prey items, often seizing and consuming a wider variety of prey than what may normally be available. It's a familiar scientific name thanks to its use with the well-known whale of … [7], As fry, this species feeds on zooplankton in the river and is known to be cannibalistic. [1] However, in recognition of the threat to the species, nearly 60 Thai fishermen agreed to stop catching the endangered catfish in June 2006, to mark the 60th anniversary of Bhumibol Adulyadej's ascension to the throne of Thailand. It can reportedly weigh up to 350 kg (770 l… [8][13] Overfishing, damming, destruction of spawning, and breeding grounds and siltation have taken a toll on the species' habitat. Nonetheless, scores of individual walking catfish are often killed during these movements by automobile traffic. [10] Due to threats, this species no longer inhabits the majority of its original habitat. Given the source of the South Florida population it is ironic that one of the most clearly demonstrated negative effects of walking catfish in the region is their propensity to invade commercial aquaculture facilities, often consuming vast numbers of the stocks of fishes therein. Food Habits Walking catfish are known to inhabit brackish waters and individuals from non-native populations in South Florida have been captured in Palm Beach County stretches of the intracoastal waterway. Outside of its native range, the walking catfish is a demonstrated pest, with the potential to do severe ecological and economic harm. All catfish belong to a single order known by the scientific name of Siluriformes. It also inhabits the inland waters of South Asian countries such as Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia and Brunei Darussalam. The spread of the walking catfish from this zone of introduction has been nothing short of remarkable. Warm, stagnant, often hypoxic waters such as muddy ponds, canals, ditches, swamps and flooded prairies are common habitat for this fish. BNAT; Classes. The original description was made in 1818 by Samuel Rafinesque. This specimen, caught in 2005, is widely recognized as the largest freshwater fish ever caught (although the largest sturgeon species can far exceed this size, they are anadromous). [1][17] It is also listed in Appendix I of CITES, banning international trade involving wild-caught specimens. As you may already know, an order is the next major level of taxonomy below a class. With so many species in so many places, it is inevitable that many common names are applied to more than one species. Preferred Scientific Name. What is the scientific name for channel catfish? Although most individuals are gray or gray-brown with small white spots as described above, an albino was once popular with aquarists and calico morphs are known. Walking catfish is the most common English name for this species. From time to time, walking catfish may be seen migrating en masse from water body to water body, often traversing busy South Florida roads in the process. Spawning fish in upper Cambodia are being over harvested. Redtail. CITES-listed species Identification materials Checklist of CITES species Species+ Registers Introduction Captive-breeding operations Nurseries Scientific Institutions Caviar exporters CITES Trade database CITES trade data dashboards Palm Tree Lagoon Lake Record. This is sad, as it is a noble fish and a mysterious one, revered by the Lao. Walking catfish are benthic omnivores, industrious in their search for food. Bluish-gray body above, fading to white on sides and belly. Walking Catfish Scientific Name: Clarias batrachus Identification: Walking catfish, which are scale-less, are typically a uniform shade of gray or gray-brown with many small white spots along their sides. Synonym(s) Loricaria panamensis: Etymology (German)Sturio=Sturgeon + (Greek)soma=body + (Greek) -ichthys=fish. [citation needed] Fishing lakes, such as Bueng Samran (บึงสำราญ) in Bangkok, have the species up to 140 kg (310 lb). In addition to their scientific name, many species have one or more common names. Southeast Asia. The scientific name comes from Greek word kryptos, meaning hidden and pterýgio (fin). Today,[when?] In response, numerous countries have “blacklisted” the walking catfish, including the United States, which has classified all members of the family Clariidae as injurious wildlife, illegal to possess without a federal permit. [12][7] Spawning fish in the upper Cambodia are being over harvested. The species needs to reach 50–70 kg (110–150 lb) to breed, and it does not breed in lakes. Size, Age, and Growth 2002), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T15944A5324699.en, "Grizzly Bear-Size Catfish Caught in Thailand", "Fish whopper: 646 pounds a freshwater record", "Mekong giant fish species: on their management and biology", "Trails of river monster: Detecting critically endangered Mekong giant catfish, "Study on feeding habits of Mekong giant catfish in Mae peum Reservoir, Thailand", "Southeast asia may be building too many dams too fast", "Giant Catfish Critically Endangered, Group Says", "Pla Buek: The Giant Catfish of the Mae Khong River Chiangrai", Photo in National Geographic of a large specimen, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mekong_giant_catfish&oldid=964545607, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 June 2020, at 04:29. This helps save the species, as lakes purchase the small fry from the government breeding programme, generating extra income that allows the breeding program to function. 6.60kg Gerhard Posch, 2nd Dec 2012 Palm Tree Lagoon, Ratchaburi, Thailand Within areas of its native range, the walking catfish is valued as a food fish and is the focus of both subsistence fishers and commercial farming operations. [21] Thailand is the only country to allow fishing for private stocks of Mekong giant catfish. [7], The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) works in partnership with other organizations including the Mekong River Commission and the Asian Development Bank which aims to ensure that environmental and social impacts are considered in developments of hydropower infrastructures. Walking catfish of all ages and size classes fall victim to a wide variety of predators including other fishes, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Walking catfish are typically a uniform shade of gray or gray-brown with many minute white spots laterally. Ameiurus catus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred Common Name. The scientific name for this fish is the Horabagrus Brachysoma. The walking catfish may be easily distinguished from many of the North American Ictalurid catfishes in that the walking catfish lacks an adipose fin. Scientific Name. [4][5][6] Juvenile fish wear barbels that shrink as they age. In areas where it has been introduced, the walking catfish is thought certain to pose a threat to native fishes and aquatic environments although relatively little quantitative evidence has been published to date. > Check the status of the walking catfish at the IUCN website. Whiptail Catfish Additional scientific names Loricaria aurea, Sturisomatichthys aureus. Enteric septicemia of catfish or “ESC” has been reported for walking catfish. The walking catfish’s ability to withstand marginalized and altered habitats likely precludes any significant decline in this species within its native range or elsewhere. The tail is shaped so gracefully that you might expect it to be attached to Ariel rather than this armored catfish. The head is flat and wide and the body tapers to the tail. A strong correlation between spawning and the wet season appears to be true for the non-native populations of walking catfishes in South Florida as well. white catfish; Other Scientific Names. UK 0203-239-7671 Ictalurus punctatus, Raf. Geographic place. Latin name. [16] The current IUCN Red List for fishes classes the species as Critically Endangered; the number living in the wild is unknown, but catch data indicate the population has fallen by 80 percent in the last 14 years. Sections of roads such as U.S. 41 (Tamiami Trail) can actually become hazardously slick with the crushed bodies of walking catfish.Parasites Fishing for the Mekong giant catfish is illegal in the wild in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia, but the bans appear to be ineffective and the fish continue to be caught in all three countries. [12] The fish are thought to rear primarily in the Mekong and Cambodia's Tonle Sap lake and migrate hundreds of miles north to spawning grounds in Thailand. The Thailand Fisheries Department has instituted a breeding programme to restock the Mekong River. Scientific Name: Sturisomatichthys panamensis (Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889) Common Names: Royal Twig Catfish Panama-Bartwels , Panama-skægmalle : Type Locality: Panama. Such migrations take place most often on rainy nights, as the cool moist conditions reduce the risk of desiccation and abrasion. EU +44 203-239-7671. Geographic Location. Ictalurus catus (Linnaeus, 1758) Silurus catus Linnaeus, 1758; International Common Names. [8] Trends in water use, energy production, consumption and associated environmental degradation are projected to continue rising in southeast Asia. [3][4] Attaining an unconfirmed length of 3 m (9.8 ft), the Mekong giant catfish grows extremely quickly, reaching a mass of 150 to 200 kg (330 to 440 lb) in six years. Upper jaw projects well beyond the lower. The following list has been compiled to indicate as clearly as possible the definite scientific name assignable to each of the common names used in this publication. US Toll Free 1-800-262-0370. [citation needed] The fish likely obtains its food from algae growing on submerged rocky surfaces, as it does not have any sort of dentition. The Thai name Pla duk dam translates to “dull colored wriggling-fish”. Overall, little is known regarding the age and growth of this species. Fragmentation caused by infrastructure development of dams are becoming increasingly common posing threats to larval fish and reducing breeding abilities. Catfish (or catfishes; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish. The lips are fleshy, the upper more so than the lower. Analysis by one researcher noted levels of abundance as great as 3,000 pounds of walking catfish per acre. The Mekong giant catfish is a threatened species in the Mekong, and conservationists have focused on it as a flagship species to promote conservation on the river. Fortunately, most such operations are maintained outside the introduced range of the walking catfish, greatly reducing the possibility of wild walking catfishes infecting the farmed fishes, at least in North America. The name ‘hidden fin’ refers to the hardly visible tail fin. Introduced walking catfish in South Florida face at least one other source of mortality. Species Information; Size: 200mm or 7.9" … Heavy-bodied with a wide head and high spot forward of center near the head called the dorsal hump. The branching appearance of this organ, reminiscent of a small tree, is the basis for the name “arborescent” organ. In the native range of the walking catfish, spawning is coincident with the onset of the rainy season during which the species may construct nests in the flooded environs. Walking catfish is the most common English name for this species. Understanding of the species’ migration pattern is incomplete. Named for their prominent barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers, catfish range in size and behavior from the three largest species alive, the Mekong giant catfish from Southeast Asia, the wels catfish of Eurasia, and the piraíba of South America, to detritivores (species that eat dead material on the bottom), and even to a tiny parasitic species commonly called the candiru, Vandellia cirrhosa. [12] A 2018 study suggests that the Mekong stocks could fall up to 40% as the result of dam projects. n = 82 See Market names. Fortunately, Centromochlus, pronounced, cent row mock luss, is not too tricky. Larval fish are threatened by habitat fragmentation due to construction of dams which are becoming increasingly common.[8]. Palm Tree Lagoon Largest Fish. The first word is the generic name (genus) and the second the species name. Members of the family Clariidae are collectively known as “air-breathing” catfishes although they are not the only catfish family capable of breathing atmospheric air. The origins of the well-known population of walking catfish thriving in South Florida today date to the early 1960’s and are well documented. The initial introduction is believed to be linked either to the importation of adult brood stock by an aquaculture facility in Palm Beach County or to a truck transporting brood fishes between Miami and the town of Parkland, Broward County, Florida. The fish was described by Gunther in 1864. The walking catfish is a widely distributed species, known from Pakistan, eastern India, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines. The striped catfish is native to the Mekong River basin & Chao Phraya River basin in Thailand. (Pholprasith, 1983 as cited in Mattson et al. There isn’t actually a common name for this strange-looking species of catfish, known only by its scientific name Brochiloricaria chauliodon, but I decided it resembled a tiny mermaid… with weird googly eyes. The original scientific name was Ictalurus punctatus but it has been changed to Ictalurus punctatus. For a clear demonstration of the walking catfish’s ability to invade and alter new habitats one need look no further than Florida, USA. The Florida Museum is open! To what extent this distribution comprises the native range of the walking catfish is open to conjecture. Common name: Sun catfish, Gold spotted Thai cat, Gunther's catfish Scientific name: Horabagrus brachysoma Pronounced: Hor-ah-bag-russ brak-eye-soh-mer Origin: Found in swamps, boggy pools, lakes and the backwaters of rivers in Kerala, Canara and Malabar, southern India.

thai catfish scientific name

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