Policy advice and technical assistance to developing countries. The same resolution had previously been passed unanimously by the upper chamber of the Congress in September.[54]. 16 Union Internationale des Télécommunications reviews. The Secretary-General is elected by the Plenipotentiary Conference for four-year terms. "[51], On 22 November 2012, the European Parliament passed a resolution urging member states to prevent ITU WCIT-12 activity that would "negatively impact the internet, its architecture, operations, content and security, business relations, internet governance and the free flow of information online". The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) was founded in 1865 in Paris as the International Telegraph Union. There are currently 193 Member States of the ITU, including all UN member states except the Republic of Palau. The previous conference to update the Regulations (ITRs) was held in Melbourne in 1988. International Telecommunication Union 14 2 forms: Low power transmissions or allocated bands • ISM bands at 2.4GHz and 5.8GHz • 5 150-5 250, 5 250-5 350 MHz and 5 470-5 725 MHz Benefits • “Hostile environment” and power limitations create a fertile test bed for new wireless technologies and services (e.g. These regions allow for ease of administration for the Union. They are as follow:[37], The ITU operates six regional offices, as well as seven area offices. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an agency of the United Nations (UN) whose purpose is to coordinate telecommunication operations and services throughout the world. The conference was attended by representatives of 29 nations and culminated in the International Radiotelegraph Convention. About Our Union The Communications Workers of America represents 700,000 workers in private and public sector employment in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. The International Telegraph (later Telecommunication) Convention, today the Constitution and Convention of ITU, is the basic treaty that establishes the legal basis for the Union … Developing infrastructure for information and communication technologies (ICTs) to connect under-served and remote communities. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) was founded in 1865 in Paris as the International Telegraph Union. the international mobile telecommunications Blogs, Comments and Archive News on Economictimes.com Apply to Public Health Nurse, Policy Analyst, Senior Network Administrator and more! Between 1849 and 1865, a series of bilateral and regional agreements among Western European states attempted to standardize international communications. [49][50], The WCIT-12 activity has been attacked by Google, which has characterized it as a threat to the "...free and open internet. Between 1 March and 17 May 1865, the French Government hosted delegations from 20 European states at the first International Telegraph Conference in Paris. Global coordination of radio frequency spectrum usage and orbital satellite positions, and the adoption of international regulations and treaties governing all uses of the frequency spectrum within which countries frame their national legislation. Known until 1993 as the International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is responsible for a number of important international … They are also used in order to ensure equitable distribution on the Council, with seats being apportioned among the regions. It would also allow governments to shut down the internet if there is the belief that it may interfere in the internal affairs of other states or that information of a sensitive nature might be shared. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union Internationale des Télécommunications or UIT), is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for all matters related to information and communication technologies. The Telecommunication Standardization Sector comprises the world telecommunication standardisation assemblies, study groups, the Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group and the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau. The publication contains the complete texts of the Radio Regulations adopted during World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 (), held last year in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. International Telecommunication Union regions with dividing lines.svg 940 × 477; 1.2 MB Play media ITU - AI for Good Webinar Series - COVID-19 Case Study Using ICT & AI in The Republic of Korea.webm 59 s, 1,920 × 1,080; 25.37 MB International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a leading agency of the United Nations, handling information and communication technology issues. Stephen DeGeyter, Sr. Telecommunications Analyst t: (518) 388-6411 f: (518) 388-6464 e: degeytes@union.edu. The role of the Council is to consider, in the interval between Plenipotentiary Conferences, broad telecommunication policy issues and ensure that the Union's activities, policies and strategies respond fully to the rapidly changing telecommunication environment. In December 2012, the ITU facilitated The World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT-12) in Dubai. [9][14], On 15 November 1947, an agreement between ITU and the newly created United Nations recognized the ITU as the specialized agency for global telecommunications. The International Telecommunication Union or the ITU is a specialized agency of the United Nations made for information and communication technologies. It is also active in the areas of broadband Internet, wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks. The sector members are divided as follow: List of members: Promote the extension of the benefits of information and communication technologies to all the world's inhabitants. It is the oldest global international organization. ... As an intern you get international exposure and the opportunity to attend some fairly interesting conferences. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (French: Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies. e-consultation on digital agriculture investments and digital transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) invite you to the ‘"e-Consultation on digital agriculture investments and digital transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa" [58] Despite the significant number countries not signing, the ITU came out with a press release: "New global telecoms treaty agreed in Dubai". The Union was tasked with implementing basic principles for international telegraphy. The International Telecommunications Union dates back to 1865, when 20 countries jointly signed the framework agreement at the International Telegraph Convention, establishing common rules and standard equipment for transmitting telegraph messages across international lines. "The ITU has the widest decisionmaking scope among international ICT organizations, in terms both of issues addressed and types of decisions made. Google-affiliated researchers have suggested that the ITU should completely reform its processes to align itself with the openness and participation of other multistakeholder organizations concerned with the Internet. In force: 1994-07-01. Dan Mahar, Assistant Director of Telecommunications & Networking t: (518) 388-8050 f: (518) 388-6464 e: mahard@union.edu. The Radiocommunication Sector comprises the world and regional radio communication conferences, radio communication assemblies, study groups, the Radio Regulations Board, the Radiocommunication Advisory Group and the Radiocommunication Bureau. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. [8][10][11][12], Another predecessor to the modern ITU, the International Radiotelegraph Union, was established in 1906 at the first International Radiotelegraph Convention in Berlin. [13][26], The Secretariat is headed by a Secretary-General who is responsible for the overall management of the Union, and acts as its legal representative. The Conference determines the policies, direction and activities of the Union, as well as elects the members of other ITU organs. The conference itself was managed by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The head of the U.S. delegation, Terry Kramer, said "We cannot support a treaty that is not supportive of the multistakeholder model of Internet governance". 09/23/2020. It has 193 countries as its members and also 800 private-sector entities and academic institutions. [60] Some leaked contributions can be found on the wcitleaks.org web site. Other Regional organizations, connected to ITU, are: The ITU was one of the UN agencies responsible for convening the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), along with UNESCO, UNCTAD and UNDP. the international mobile telecommunications Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times. [9][13], Between 3 September and 10 December 1932, a joint conference of the International Telegraph Union and the International Radiotelegraph Union convened in order to merge the two organizations into a single entity, the International Telecommunication Union. Harmonise the actions of Member States and promote cooperation and partnership between Member States and sector members. Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Done at: Geneva. The Council is also responsible for ensuring the smooth day-to-day running of the Union, coordinating work programmes, approving budgets and controlling finances. [59] The Electronic Frontier Foundation expressed concern at this, calling for a more transparent multi-stakeholder process. They are as follow:[38]. [28] He was re-elected on 1 November 2018 during the 2018 Plenipotentiary Conference in Dubai. World conferences on international telecommunications. The ITU coordinates the shared global use of … WCIT-12 was a treaty-level conference to address International Telecommunications Regulations, the international rules for telecommunications, including international tariffs. In fact, I believe that generally enforcement decisions should apply the law as they find it. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union Internationale des Télécommunications), originally the International Telegraph Union (French: Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.. Promote the use of telecommunication services with the aim of facilitating peaceful relations. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has published the 2020 ITU Radio Regulations — the international treaty governing the global use of RF spectrum and satellite orbits. Palais des Nations1211 Geneva 20SwitzerlandTelephone: ( +41 22) 730 5111Fax: ( +41 22) 733 7256Email: itumail@itu.int. The World Telecommunication and Information Society Day was held on17 May 2012. [43], Telecommunications ministers from 193 countries attended the conference in Dubai. [32] Palestine was admitted as a United Nations General Assembly observer in 2010. Navigate by mechanism and/or content type: © 2016 Chief Executives Board Secretariat, Terms | Disclaimers | Contact | Credits | Scams, C-553Palais des NationsCH-1211 Genève 10SwitzerlandTel. Building cybersecurity and confidence in online transactions with a focus on protecting children online. ITU-R abbreviation stands for International Telecommunication Union - Radio. [39] The Summit was held as two conferences in 2003 and 2005 in Geneva and Tunis, respectively, with the aim of bridging the digital divide. It comprises up to 25 percent of Member States, elected by the Plenipotentiary Conference with due regard to the equitable distribution of Council seats among the five world regions (Americas, nine seats; Western Europe, eight seats; Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, five seats; Africa, 13 seats; Asia and Australasia, 13 seats). [44] In 1988, telecommunications operated under regulated monopolies in most countries. E-95-33. Some outside the United States believe that the United States exerts too much influence over the governance of the Internet. The AmericasAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaBahamasBarbadosBelizeBoliviaBrazilCanadaChileColombiaCosta RicaCubaDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEl SalvadorGrenadaGuatemalaGuyanaHaitiHondurasJamaicaMexicoNicaraguaPanamaParaguayPeruSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSurinameTrinidad and TobagoUSAUruguayVenezuela, Western EuropeAndorraAustriaBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaCroatiaCyprusDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFrance GermanyGreeceHoly SeeHungary IcelandIrelandItalyLatviaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaMonacoNetherlandsNorwayPortugalSan MarinoSloveniaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandTurkeyUK, Eastern Europe and Northern AsiaAlbaniaArmeniaAzerbaijanBelarusBulgariaCzech RepublicGeorgiaKazakhstanKyrgyzstanMontenegroPolandRepublic of MoldovaRomaniaRussian FederationSerbiaSlovakiaTajikistanThe former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaTurkmenistanUkraineUzbekistan, AfricaAlgeriaAngolaBeninBostwanaBurkin FasoBurundiCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadComorosCongoCote d'IvoireDR CongoDjiboutiEgyptEquatorial GuineaEritreaEthiopiaGabonGambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauKenyaLesothoLiberiaLibyan AJMadagascarMalawiMaliMauritaniaMauritiusMoroccoMozambiqueNamibiaNigerNigeriaRwandaSao Tome and PrincipeSenegalSeychellesSierra LeoneSomaliaSouth AfricaSudanSwazilandTogoTunisiaUgandaUR of TanzaniaZambiaZimbabwe, Asia and AustralasiaAfghanistanAustraliaBahrainBangladeshBhutanBrunei DarussalamCambodiaChinaDPRKFijiIndiaIndonesiaIranIsraelJapanJordanKiribatiLao PDRLebanonMalaysiaMaldivesMarshall IslandsMicronesiaMongoliaMyanmarNauruNepalNew ZealandOmanPakistanPapua New GuineaPhilippinesQatarROKSamoaSaudi ArabiaSingaporeSolomon IslandsSri LankaSyriaThailandTimor-LesteTongaTuvaluUAEVanuatuViet NamYemen. It is also the most important agency for private sectors and governments all across the world in developing networks and services. [8], By 1865 it was agreed that a comprehensive agreement was needed in order to create a framework that would standardize telegraphy equipment, set uniform operating instructions, and lay down common international tariff and accounting rules. It is tasked with the The ITU membership currently includes191 member states that have the right to take part in all activities, 643 sector members that have the right to take part in all the activities of the sector(s) to which they belong, and 132 associates that have the right to take part in some activities of the sector(s) with whic… The Telecommunication Development Sector comprises the world and regional telecommunication development conferences, study groups, the Telecommunication Development Advisory Group and the Telecommunication Development Bureau. The Union pursues its objectives by means of : The Constitution provides that a Plenipotentiary Conference, the supreme organ of the Union, be convened every four years. It meets every year. [13][23], While the Plenipotentiary Conference is the Union's main decision-making body, the ITU Council acts as the Union's governing body in the interval between Plenipotentiary Conferences. Overview Edit. The Conference decided that the Telegraph Convention of 1875 and the Radiotelegraph Convention of 1927 were to be combined into a single convention, the International Telecommunication Convention, embracing the three fields of telegraphy, telephony and radio. Plenipotentiary Conferences are composed of delegations from the Union's Member States. : +41-022/917 32 76, DC2-06102 United Nations PlazaNew York, N.Y. International Telecommunication Union ( ITU ) World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database. [23][24] It is composed of 48 members and works to ensure the smooth operation of the Union, as well as to consider broad telecommunication policy issues. The ITU has three main sectors, encompassing its main conferences: The ITU's General Secretariat is headed by the organisation's Secretary-General, assisted by a deputy secretary-general and three elected directors. Founded in 1865, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has been an integral part of the United Nations since its inception in 1947. The next elections will be held in 2014. Its members are as follow:[25], The mission of the Secretariat is to provide high-quality and efficient services to the membership of the Union. In his opening remarks, ITU Radiocommunication Bureau Director Mario Maniewicz explains what to expect at this year's World Radiocommunication Seminar (WRS-20), including why this year's plenary sessions are open to everyone. [40] The previous conference to update the Regulations (ITRs) was held in Melbourne in 1988. [47][48] Indeed, some European telecommunication services have proposed a so-called "sender pays" model that would require sources of Internet traffic to pay destinations, similar to the way funds are transferred between countries using the telephone. [4], The ITU is one of the oldest international organizations still in operation (the Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine predates it by several decades[5][6]). ITU called for a public consultation on a draft document ahead of the conference. As the Internet has grown, organizations such as ICANN have come into existence to manage key resources such as Internet addresses and Domain Names. 10017USATel. Facilitating implementation of the outcomes of the World Summit on the Information Society. [33] One hundred associates also take part in some ITU work under special arrangements with the sectors. For other uses, see, World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT-12), Changes to international telecommunication regulations, Proposed changes to the treaty and concerns, United Nations Economic and Social Council, information and communication technologies, Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine, World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly, ITU-WHO Focus Group on Artificial Intelligence for Health, Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, Member states of the International Telecommunication Union, https://www.itu.int/online/mm/scripts/gensel11, European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations, Inter-American Telecommunication Commission, ITU Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D), ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T), Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre, "The oldest organization of the UN system, the International Telecommunication Union celebrates 150th anniversary | MPO", "Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine - Introduction", "The Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine, 1815-1914. About International Telecommunication Union (ITU): It is an agency of the United Nations (UN) whose purpose is to coordinate telecommunication operations and services throughout the world. In December 2012, the ITU facilitated The World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT-12) in Dubai. administrative and budgetary planning of the Union, as well as with monitoring compliance with ITU regulations, and oversees with assistance from the Secretariat advisor Neaomy Claiborne of Riverbank to insure misconduct during legal investigations are not overlooked and finally, it publishes the results of the work of the ITU. [9][12][13], The ITU comprises three Sectors, each managing a different aspect of the matters handled by the Union, as well as ITU Telecom. International Telecommunication Union | 26,420 followers on LinkedIn | Connecting the world, together. An annex to the convention eventually became known as radio regulations. ", "International Telegraph Conference (Paris, 1865)", "50th anniversary of World Telecommunication & Information Society Day, 17 May 2019", "International Telegraph Conference (Madrid, 1932)", "Sector Members, Associates and Academia", "Collection of the Basic Texts of the International Telecommunication Union adopted by the Plenipotentiary Conference", "PP-18, the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference 2018", "Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union", "ITU Management team inauguration on 15 January 2015", "ITU Member States Re-Elects Houlin Zhao as Secretary-General", "International Telecommunication Union Member States", New Country, New Number – Country code 211 officially assigned to South Sudan, "ITU-T : International Numbering Resources : National Numbering Plans : China, Taiwan", "ITU Member States by Administrative Region", "World Summit on the Information Society", "World Conference on International iTelecommunications 2012", "International Telecommunication Regulations", "ITU opens public consultation on internet regulation treaty", "United Nations wants control of web kill switch", International Telecommunication Regulations, "Robert McDowell:The U.N. At the conference it was also decided that the Bureau of the International Telegraph Union would also act as the conference's central administrator. Measures for ensuring the safety of life, particularly in the aftermath of natural disasters. Threat to Internet Freedom", "Crovitz: The U.N.'s Internet Power Grab", "CNET:U.N. could tax U.S.-based Web sites, leaked docs show", "European Parliament warns against UN internet control", "European Parliament resolution on the forthcoming World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT-12) of the International Telecommunication Union, and the possible expansion of the scope of international telecommunication regulations", "House approves resolution to keep Internet control out of UN hands", "EFF Joins Coalition Denouncing Secretive WCIT Planning Process", "The ITU Treaty Negotiations: A Call for Openness and Participation", Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Mandela Rules), Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, UN Advisory Committee of Local Authorities, Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Federation of United Nations Associations, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=International_Telecommunication_Union&oldid=991027637, United Nations organizations based in Geneva, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Region A - The Americas (35 Member States), Region B - Western Europe (33 Member States), Region C - Eastern Europe and Northern Asia (21 Member States), Region E - Asia and Australasia (50 Member States), Regional Office for Africa, headquartered in, Regional Office for the Americas, headquartered in, Regional Office for Arab States, headquarters in, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, headquartered in, Regional Office for the Commonwealth of Independent States, headquartered in, Regional Office for Europe, headquartered in, Regional Commonwealth in the Field of Communications (RCC—representing, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 21:52. It is composed of all 193 ITU Members and meets every four years. Promoting ICTs as an aid to combat climate change, Strengthening emergency telecommunications. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) ITU is the UN specialised agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs). While non-voting, these members still have the opportunity to influence the decisions made by the Union.[17][36]. [31] The most recent member state to join the ITU is South Sudan, which became a member on 14 July 2011. [61], "ITU" redirects here. What does ITU-R stand for? [41], In August 2012, Neaomy Claiborne of Northern California was reelected for a 3rd term as liaison and legal advisor to the Secretariat General. The treaty is the founding document of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialized agency of the United Nations. A permanent General Secretariat, headed by the Secretary General, manages the day-to-day work of the Union and its sectors. 9 Z a c h e r, a m o n g s t a f e w o t h e r s, t r a c e s t h e development of the International Telecommunica- tion Union (ITU), establi shed to ensure the smooth The ITU Telecom World was held from 24 to 27 October 2011 in Geneva; ITU World Radiocommunication Conference from 23 January to 17 February 2012 in Geneva; and World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA-12) from 6 to 15 November 2012 in Geneva. These offices help maintain direct contact with national authorities, regional telecommunication organizations and other stakeholders. The ITU promotes the shared global use of the radio spectrum, facilitates international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, assists in developing and coordinating worldwide technical standards, and works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an international organization headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates global telecommunications networks and services with governments and the private sector. Date enacted: 1992-12-22. ciety. Current ITU Council members were elected at the Plenipotentiary Conference in October 2010. While certain parts of civil society and industry were able to advise and observe, active participation was restricted to member states. Promoting international cooperation in the delivery of technical assistance to developing countries. Unpaid Internship - Communications Intern (Graphic Designer) 33INTERNSHIPS-2020/BDT: BDT Geneva: 1-Dec-20: Unpaid Internship - Communications Intern (Social Media) 34INTERNSHIPS-2020/BDT: BDT Geneva: 1-Dec-20: Unpaid Internship - Communications Intern (Web Content Writer) 35INTERNSHIPS-2020/BDT: BDT Geneva: 1-Dec-20 [citation needed], The Plenipotentiary Conference is the supreme organ of the ITU. [1] Established in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union (French: Union Télégraphique Internationale), it is one of the oldest international organizations in operation. Its headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland. Proposals under consideration would establish regulatory oversight by the UN over security, fraud, traffic accounting as well as traffic flow, management of Internet Domain Names and IP addresses, and other aspects of the Internet that are currently governed either by community-based approaches such as regional Internet registries, ICANN, or largely national regulatory frameworks. Sector members are public and private companies and organisations with an interest in telecommunications that are entitled to participate, with specific rights and obligations, in the work of one or more ITU sectors. On 14 December 2012, an amended version of the Regulations was signed by 89 of the 152 countries. His four-year mandate started on 1 January 2015, and he was formally inaugurated on 15 January 2015. The resolution warned that "... proposals have been put forward for consideration at the [WCIT-12] that would fundamentally alter the governance and operation of the Internet ... [and] would attempt to justify increased government control over the Internet ...", and stated that the policy of the United States is "... to promote a global Internet free from government control and preserve and advance the successful Multistakeholder Model that governs the Internet today." The Republic of China (Taiwan) was blocked from membership by the People's Republic of China, but nevertheless received a country code, being listed as "Taiwan, China. I have no qualms with the bottom lines reached in these two orders. [15] The sectors were created during the restructuring of ITU at its 1992 Plenipotentiary Conference.[16]. The Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (short: ITU Constitution and Convention | also: CS CV) is an international treaty, signed and ratified by almost all countries of the world. WCIT-12 was a treaty-level conference to address International Telecommunications Regulations, the international rules for telecommunications, including international tariffs. International Telecommunication Union (ITU), specialized agency of the United Nations that was created to encourage international cooperation in all forms of telecommunication. Promote and offer technical assistance to developing countries in telecommunications. ITU membership consists of 192 Member States and around 700 sector members. Countries that did not sign included the United States, Japan, Canada, France, Germany, New Zealand, India and the United Kingdom. E-95-29, Philippine Long Distance Company v. USA Global Link. Sallye has extensive experience in international and US government relations for the telecommunications industry. [7] The development of the telegraph in the early 19th century changed the way people communicated on the local and international levels. ITU headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. The current Council comprises 48 Member States and meets annually. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs), driving innovation in … Promote internationally a broader approach to telecommunications issues by cooperating with other inter-governmental organisations and those non-governmental organisations concerned with telecommunications.

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