it eats everything you give. Due to their unique look and straightforward care requirements, it’s only natural that they’re a go-to option for many freshwater aquarists. After roughly a week the fry will be ready for you to feed them (we recommend brine shrimp). Breeding convicts is as simple as having a male and a female in the same tank with adequate water quality and feeding. The Black Convict Cichlid is a beautifully marked cichlid. There’s always a sweet spot you should aim for! I don't want to just leave one, it seems a little boring. Lets say you have, or want to buy, a 55-gallon aquarium. How many convicts would work in a 20 gallon? For example, the additional space needed for a canister filter. Convict cichlids have a fairly normal growth rate, so there are no special accommodations you’ll need to make in that department. Cichlasoma nigrofasciata is very easy in keeping and care. If these fish are bred and raised by a subpar breeder, this could hinder their ability to live a long and healthy life. It will mostly be found in larger streams and rivers, sheltering itself near rocks and sunken branches. It has a very interesting feature – how the couple takes care of its juveniles, a process which is rather exciting to observe. The waters where convict cichlids come from have these in abundance. This is why trying to encourage breeding in a community tank is a terrible idea. Start feed for the juveniles is some milled live and dry feed. Aquarium Source is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Quite often you may encounter pink convict cichlid – its body is pinkish and yellow, the eyes are dark colored. The convict cichlid is a very hardy fish that can tolerate a wide range of water parameters. This isn’t a fish that’s afraid to investigate different areas of the aquarium. If you are planning to keep a pair in your aquarium it should be at a minimum of 30 gallons. My Simple Cichlid Tank Size Formula. Depending on what stage of like your Convict Cichlid is in will determine the size of tank you will need for them. While this might sound too good to be true, it really isn’t. The minimum tank size for a non-breeding pair should be a 20 gallon (75 litre) tank , though the ideal size is closer to 29 gallons (100 litres). At minimum, you will want to have at least a 26-gallon tank for your Convict. That’s why even in a spacious tank you should choose strong and proper sized tank mates (green terrors, jewel cichlids, firemouth cichlids, blue acara). Even though these fish are hardy it’s smart to invest in an accurate testing kit to make sure you’re getting correct readings. The minimum tank size for a common pleco is 100 gallons – yes, that’s the minimum size. Community tanks do come with some element of risk with this fish even if you pair them with recommended species. However, it’s smart to plan for these sporadic digging episodes ahead of time. Convict cichlids have average-sized ventral and pectoral fins that are fairly see-through. Otherwise, buy a 40-gallon tank or bigger. A couple of young Cichlasoma nigrofasciata can live in a tank of 100 liters capacity (26 gallons), but reproductive adult fish require about 200 liters (52 gallons) capacity tank. 40 Gallon Breeder: If you're interested in keeping two breeding pairs of Convict cichlids, the 40 gallon breeder is the smallest you should go. When being just juveniles create stable couples. This will ramp up the aggression and territorial behavior significantly and surely lead to someone getting hurt. The advantage of this is it means you can keep them in smaller tanks than other species as well. Convict cichlids are omnivores and aren’t picky when it comes to finding food! The hue of this color can vary slightly, but it’s usually rather consistent. Ideal tank mates for convict cichlids are robust fish of a similar size. Convict Cichlid Tank Mates While the acclimatization of convict cichlids is probably the easiest, keeping them with other species of fish is hard. Breeding convict cichlids is a breeze. Similar to many other varieties of Cichlids, the Convict Cichlid is native to the streams of Central America. In the wild convict cichlids are omnivores and eat a mix of insects and plant matter to get nutrition. Convict cichlid likes warm water 26–29 °C (79–84 °F), it can live under various parameters of water acidity and hardness, however it’s pr… The average convict cichlid size is around 4-5 inches when fully grown. Also, don’t put a male and female in a community tank! Tank size: 30 gallons. Once larvae hatch from the eggs their attentive parents take them to some other place. Female has to a greater or lesser degree orange coloring in form of small spots on its abdomen and near dorsal fin. Males grow to be roughly 6 inches long, as females grow to be roughly 4.5 inches in length. These fish are rather small compared to other cichlid species. It’s highly recommended to use rather powerful external filter since the fish likes digging tank bottom. This is not a natural occurrence and is only sustainable due to the similar conditions that certain parts of the country offer. Convict Cichlid tank size? His favorite aquariums are biotopes (Amazon River),  with Echinodorus and Angelfish. We’re a big fan of these fish and recommend them to anyone looking to take the next step into intermediate territory. Water Hardness: 10°– 15°GH/DH. The bars are one of the most important things that sellers look for with these fish, so if you’re making a purchase from a reputable party the fish you buy will likely have plenty of well-defined stripes. Breeding convict cichlids is as easy as setting up a simple aquarium and successfully getting a breeding pair. There are a ton of great options such as hornwort or even one of the best floating plant species. Convict cichlids have a fairly normal growth rate, so there are no special accommodations you’ll need to make in that department. Because convict cichlids are aggressive, you may be better off purchasing a tank of around 40 gallons or more in size. Body size is from 8 cm (3 in) to 12 centimeters (4.7 in). Their caudal fin is partially transparent and average in size. This will ensure that they get the necessary variety and nutritional intake to stay healthy. Fish that happily eat anything can be prone to overfeeding. For this reason the tank you place them in should be at least 30 gallons for a pair of Convicts. This comes down to the individual behavior of your fish since some like to root around in the substrate more aggressively than others. You should install filtration and aeration in a tank with juveniles and you should renew the water about twice a week. The average convict cichlid size is around 4-5 inches when fully grown.These fish are rather small compared to other cichlid species. Sergey is a founder and author of Meethepet.com. Set the fish tank as per the comfort of your pet Cichlid by considering these suggestions: Tank Size. The convict cichlid parents will flat-out attack any other fish that wanders too close! Our two favorite live foods to give them are brine shrimp and bloodworms. It’s a good idea to separate the parents to prevent any aggressive behavior toward the little babies. They have the common name of "convict" because of the white and black contrasting patterns they sport. As always, the best course of action is to not let your fish get sick at all. As far as their general activity level goes, this species loves to move. Author Note: This behavior isn’t constant by any means. This has led to some concern of overfishing/capturing, but so far the population hasn’t been impacted outside of normal levels of fluctuation. Due to being extremely territorial and aggressive, they are known to attack, bite, and chase the other species present in the tank. The female has orange scales on her lower body and dorsal fins and the male is larger, less colorful, has a steeper forehead and longer fins. While this is obviously a good thing to hear, it doesn’t mean they can’t get one of the other common freshwater illnesses. Learn more. For aquarium hobbyists who are hoping to one day breed their convict cichlids, you should purchase a tank that is at least 50 gallons in volume. It’s desirable to keep this fish in large capacity tanks and some open spaces for the fish to swim. None of the coloring or stripes make their way onto this fin, unlike the dorsal fin. Finally, the weight of a Cichlid tank of this size should also be … Species name: Amatitlania nigrofasciata, or Archocentrus Nigrofasciatus Common names: Convict Cichlid, zebra cichlids Family: Cichlidae Subfamily: Cichlasomatinae Order: Perciformes Class: Actinopterygii How Big Do They Get? Happy fish = healthy fish! These fish usually spend most of their time near the middle of the tank. In small tanks it is recommended to keep a couple of cichlids. I look online for the minimum tank size, and it all says, "20 gallons is good....for a pair" I would like to know how many gallons is good for just one! The convict cichlid breeds so easily that the tank capacity and the quality of the water become quite irrelevant, although extremes should be avoided. A bad test kit can lead you to believe there’s a shift in water parameters when there really isn’t! 2-3 days later, when the juveniles are without their yolk sac already, they start swimming around the tank carefully guarded by their parents. You have some room to be flexible when making this choice based on your own personal preference. If you are looking at adult Convicts then you will want to increase the tank size to 52 gallons or above. Some buyers think they’re getting a different color convict cichlid when in fact it’s just the tank lighting playing tricks on them! The ideal tank size will be no smaller than 30 gallons. He’s been fond of aquarium husbandry since his early childhood. By the end of the day all juveniles get together in their nookery. You need to purchase a 30-gallon aquarium for this 6” fish because it needs a spacious area to dwell, and without space, it cannot have a great lifespan. Because these fish are the opposite of picky eaters, beginners assume you have a lot of flexibility when it comes to their diet. Both their dorsal and anal fins dangle back a bit like a sail. The first thing that you need todo is to buy an appropriate tank for housing your Cichlid. Its relatively small size, along with ease of keeping and breeding, make the convict an ideal cichlid for beginners and advanced aquarists alike interested in observing pair bonds and brood care. These fish come from lakes and streams in this region with a moderate amount of current. Water movement should be moderate to strong in areas and calmer in other areas to feed and rest. Plants, rocks, and driftwood can help give all the tank inhabitants some element of privacy. Author Note: Keep an eye on how much food your fish are eating (especially early on in your ownership). If you take convict cichlid care seriously right from the start, your fish will thank you for it later. The minimum tank size for a Convict Cichlid male and female is 30 gallons. Fish body has about 8-9 vertical dark stripes on it, due to which the fish has got its name. Understanding the aggressive tendencies of the convict cichlid is essential if you want to provide them with good care. Temperament: Aggressive. The standard morning and night combination is fine. However, through the years he’s had experience of keeping almost all types of freshwater fish and shrimps. And what combinations (Male female) would work? To avoid this male is taken back to the community tank and the female stays to look after their juveniles. Convict cichlids (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) are a freshwater species of cichlid that come from Central America. Older males frequently develop vestigial fatty lumps on their foreheads. This is because these fish will periodically do a bit of digging and rooting around, and a coarse substrate will end up scratching them. For successful breeding all you need is a male and female, but if spawning happens in a community tank – it’s a trouble for all its inhabitants. Parameters like water temperature, water quality, and tank size aren’t nearly as vital to this type of fishes as they are with many other aquarium species. Territorial fish that are prone to aggression tend to behave significantly worse in small aquariums. The average convict cichlid lifespan is roughly 8 to 10 years. Smaller=friendlier? This makes caring for them a little bit easier and gives you a little bit of flexibility when it comes to tank mates (more on that later). It’s important to have a strong understanding of their diet if you want them to live as long as possible. Convict cichlid Tank mates. Some aquarists say you can get away with tanks as small as 20 gallons, but we disagree. They might be one of the easiest freshwater fishes to breed in a home tank! But I am looking for smaller. Always do your homework about what’s needed before purchasing one! This isn’t something to agonize over, but if you can provide it we believe it will help keep them happy and stress-free. Breeding. Convict cichlids have the classic cichlid body. But if you have a tank large enough for a common pleco, then these fish make great tank mates for convict cichlids. Would a 10 gallon tank with 30 gallons of filtration work? The fish is native to Central America: Guatemala, Panama, Costa-Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras. This concerns both separate spawning tanks and community tanks. :) I kept one in a 29 gallon by himself, and he was awesome! The advantage of this is it means you can keep them in smaller tanks than other species as well. Water: Freshwater. Convict Cichlid Breeding Tank. There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. We would, however, recommend you keep the size of the tank larger than 40 gallons due to their aggressive nature. 55 gallon aquarium weight. When a species eats just about anything, this can trick inexperienced owners into thinking a subpar diet is acceptable. Giving these fish enough space and pairing them with the right tank mates should keep them happy. Things like Ich or fin rot are both possibilities if these fish live in subpar conditions. It’s always smart to give your fish a close inspection from time to time. In this guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know about convict cichlid care. Their different types can be found in countries all along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts such as Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. Convict cichlids do best with a sandy substrate. The coloration can vary based on age, gender, and type, but we’ll speak to the standard convict cichlid variation that most people know about. I myself give some of this food to my pets and as for the rest I’ve heard and read lots of good reviews. For a few extra bucks you can make your fish a lot more comfortable. This fish is not a community fish. Convict cichlid (lat. You’ll also learn some nifty facts about this species that will make you a more informed owner! Diet requirements, ideal tank mates, breeding tips, size, and growth rate are all covered in-depth. Some rocks and driftwood are also a great idea. The female will wave with its fins to get the mud up from the tank substrate. This particular size tank is usually not sold at chain pet stores, so a specialty fish-only store may have to be contacted. Just like all other cichlid species, this fish eagerly takes care of its breed, taking dead and non-fertilized eggs from the nest from time to time. Establishing a regular feeding schedule is recommended as well. There have been plenty of instances where these fish have exceeded this range, but that’s the average assuming proper care is given. You will most likely need at least a 30-gallon tank. Spawning happens all the year round with some small breaks. This makes for fun viewing since they always seem to be up to something! For example, if your convict cichlid has Ich you’ll see white spots on their body that will progressively get worse as the disease spreads. But I just have a few questions 1.) Convict cichlid keeping is quite the same as for a classical cichlid species. In other words, convicts can breed in almost any reasonably environment. Their interesting pattern and active nature make them a very entertaining species. Convict cichlid is omnivorous, i.e. They actually look pretty much like African cichlids but with a different color and pattern. While convict cichlids are definitely not an “expert-only” species, there are a few things you’ll need to be aware of as an owner (namely their potential for aggression). Now, a captiveenvironment will never be the same as the natural habitat of these beings. Hi, I have a 20 gallon long with a 30 or 40 gallon filter (i don't remember, sorry). Consistently elevated stress levels take their toll over the years. You may feed it with different food: for example, some artificial feed for cichlids, some plant tablets and flakes with spirulina, blood worm, tubifex, brine shrimp. Silver arowana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum), Convict cichlid, convict fish, tiger convict, sicklied fish, zebra convict. In case you are interested in breeding them as well, then it would be best to buy a 50-gallon tank. Stay consistent and disciplined with what you’re feeding them, and always look to see if there’s any food that’s not being eaten. These fish have a long dorsal fin that starts about a fourth of the way back from their mouth (this point is where their pectoral fins begin as well). Its average lifespan is about 8 — 10 years, though provided with proper care the fish may live longer. This simply means taking an extra minute to really watch each of them and see if you notice anything out of the ordinary. This means they will be far less likely to develop one of the common diseases that can possibly afflict them. Smaller=friendlier? Despite their potential to be aggressive freshwater fish, you do have some options when it comes to convict cichlid tank mates. This can be some flower pot, flat stone, coconut shell or a big sea shell. Convict cichlids get their name from the series of black vertical bars that run down their bodies. If you want such couple to be created in a tank, you need to keep a small school of the fish with equal number of male and female in it. Sometimes called Zebra Cichlid or Convict Cichlid, this fish has a pattern of black stripes on a grayish background and a greenish tint on the fins. When it comes to their recommended tank and water requirements, these fish aren’t that challenging. Taking the time to look for these signs will help you nip anything unwanted in the bud before it becomes a larger problem. Because of their appealing look, convict cichlids have been sought after in the aquarium scene for many years. Their natural habitat has plenty of wood and rocks for them to use as a place to hide in between feeding. In our experience convict cichlids are much less territorial when living in a large tank with plenty of places to hunker down. This fish has black and white stripes on its body. These fish are an absolute delight to own, and they’re definitely one of our favorite cichlids. One convict cichlid alone or a male and female combo are two common choices. We always like to start with the substrate because it will impact the kind of plants you can include. If you fail to care for these fish properly and keep them in an unsuitable environment, it’s unlikely that they’ll reach eight years. The extra space will go a long way when it comes to keeping these fish happy. Convict Cichlid Breeding. A Friendly Online Community For Cichlid Enthusiasts. While they do spend a lot of their time in the middle of the tank, convict cichlids will often check out the substrate and even do some digging. Including them will help your fish feel comfortable and give them places to hide and get their own space (this is also useful for managing aggression). A couple of young Cichlasoma nigrofasciata can live in a tank of 100 liters capacity (26 gallons), but reproductive adult fish require about 200 liters (52 gallons) capacity tank. All you need to achieve successful reproduction of convict cichlids is a breeding pair and a cycled, heated and filtered tank. When a spawn is in some nookery, its parents may show aggression to all trespassers (if spawning happened in a community tank). At the same time this is definitely not the fish for beginners due to its quarrelsome temper and the habit of digging the tank bottom. Thereare three aspects of this step that you need to keep in mind: They are omnivorous fish, which means they can eat both plant and meat matter. Moreover, if you are interested in maintaining two breeding pairs, a … In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. Their temperament is also why including hiding spots in their tank is so important. Author Note: This will impact their lifespan and general health as well. Chemical parameters of tank water don’t play an important part. This species becomes very aggressive during the spawning period as well as any other time – it may attack other fishes.
2020 convict cichlid tank size