1-samuel 23:17 And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and … (27-15) 2 Samuel 17:1–23. Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. God rejected Saul as King of Israel because of his haughty rebellion. He is misguided and blind to his own condition and the reality of the situation he is in. God is not a respecter of persons , and so He sent Nathan the prophet to confront David. You are going to be the king of Israel, and I will be next to you, as my father is well aware.". "We know where David is hiding," they said. God manifested His will through the Urim and Thummim in the priestly ephod ( 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; cf. God could act against them in such a severe manner that Israel would not still exist. Yet, he survives by continually seeking God’s will. What do you learn about his men? David is remembered as "a man after God's own heart." Like Samson, whom we looked at in Lesson 12, Samuel was a Nazirite. 1 Samuel 23 – David Saves Keliah; David Escapes from Saul A. David saves Keliah from the Philistines. 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. This psalm in the early part of 2 Samuel 23 may seem detached from and unrelated to the remainder of the chapter, which names and honors those mighty heroes who significantly contributed to David’s success. But instead of maligning God, David worshiped Him! David and Goliath: Bold Faith (1 Samuel 17) 3. David"s men were understandably afraid to attack the Philistines who had greater numbers and stronger forces. 11 # Short Commentary & Lesson from 1 Samuel 20.11-23 Had Jonathan wanted to, he could have easily betrayed David. Religious observance without complete obedience is empty before God. Here are some practical life lessons we can learn from David’s submission to God. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. 1 Samuel 22:20-23). 1 Samuel 15:23, then, lays out the consequence for Saul’s disobedience. 1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. 21 When her husband Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow, 22 Hannah did not go. The presence of the ephod made it possible for David to continue to obtain guidance from the Lord in answer to his prayers. "Where David had appointed to meet him at that time, and strengthened his hand in God”: He comforted and supported him against all his fears, by minding him of God’s infallible promises made to him, and his singular providence which hitherto had and still would be with him. 2012. 1 Samuel 23. to be a special spokesman for God) when he was very young. He’s worthy. Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. In 1 Samuel we see the story of God’s people. The prophet related a story to the king and then, with a clever twist in the details, got him to recognize the seriousness of his transgressions (2 Samuel 12:1-13). Session Two. His loyalty to His Creator was beyond question. "At last someone is concerned about me! 1 Samuel lets the reader glimpse behind the scenes to see how God … Selah. The Urim (lit. He is constantly in fear for his life. Hannah Dedicates Samuel. Now Saul sought and received human guidance and failed near Ziph ( 1 Samuel 23:15-23). Obviously God had not done this since David was the Lord"s anointed king-elect. "1 1 Samuel 23 – David Saves Keliah; David Escapes from Saul A. David saves Keliah from the Philistines. “Gad” is later called David’s seer (1 Chron. Jonathan risked his own safety to encourage his friend again. The crucial question is: How do you respond when God deals with you in the aftermath of your sin? Why or why not? 18 So the two of them renewed their covenant of friendship before the LORD. Exodus 28:30). Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. Eli explained to Samuel that God still does call people to serve him. Just as Saul and his men began to close in on David and his men, 1 Samuel 15:23 commentary: What happened when Saul disobeyed God? ” 24 So David hid himself in the field. 23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. O LORD, God of Israel, please tell me." 22 Go and check again to be sure of where he is staying and who has seen him there, for I know that he is very crafty. "Good!" Note David’s response (12:19-23). 1. So, people must not be too afraid to listen to God; and they must not be too proud to obey him. God did not want Saul to hunt him down, much less kill him. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. Thank you for joining us today. 1. 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. What do you learn about pride? He’s the God above all gods, the King above all kings. Only God can see the big picture. The birth and early years of Samuel (1:1–7:14). Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found. Saul felt confident that he could control the gate and so trap David. Saul piously claimed that God had delivered David into his hands ( 1 Samuel 23:7). 3 Now then, what do you have on hand? He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. He ascertained God"s will by drawing one out after mentally assigning a … He did not take revenge on the citizens of Keilah for telling Saul where he was. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" God is sovereign. Outline of 1 Samuel. 15 One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him. God is not a respecter of persons , and so He sent Nathan the prophet to confront David. (Elkanah, Peninnah and Hannah) What do you learn about them? Saul said, “GOD bless you for thinking about me! King James Bible Online. Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. Bibliography InformationConstable, Thomas. 1 Peter 3:9 – Do not repay evil for evil. For the moment, let me simply say that the entire chapter is about greatness. . What do you learn about obeying God? He submitted to God’s dealings with him. 8 So Saul mobilized his entire army to march to Keilah and attack David and his men. Saul was secretly anointed the first king of all the tribes of Israel (1 Samuel 10:1) before being publicly selected by lot (1 Samuel 10:17–24). Jonathanʹs Friendship, Saulʹs Jealousy (1 Samuel 18‐20) 4. B. Saul said, “God has given David to me. 2 Samuel also points the way to hope: Jesus Christ. Saul had to break off his personal vendetta to respond to the Philistine danger (cf. For “Rock” (see the note on 1 Sam. Matthew 2:1-12). He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. If this should happen the people of the land will leave you. God was protecting His servant. And the men who murdered my slaves, kill them and avenge their blood. Please let your servant speak to you, hear what your servant his to say…” (1 Samuel 25:23-24) Abigail had the courage and strength to shoulder the blame for something she didn’t do. It’s always a pleasure to have you. Haters Hate…but God 1 Samuel 23:14 Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand. What might be wrong with Saul’s requests to Samuel? More people were siding with David and were turning from Saul. The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. He was promised to God by his mother prior to birth, and this promise constituted the Nazirite vow (see Num. 15:22-23 Put this story into your own words. An Unlikely Advocate - 1 Samuel 25; God Meant It for Good - Genesis 37, 50; To be used with: Session Two "It's Not About Me" Scriptures: 1 Samuel 24:1–22. 13 So David and his men--about six hundred of them now--left Keilah and began roaming the countryside. For this reason God could and did work through David as His vice-regent. Jonathan Warns David . Whereas God promised to go with David and deliver the Philistines into his hands ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4), Saul promised to go with the Ziphites to destroy David among the Judahites ( 1 Samuel 23:23). Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. The sites of Horesh ( 1 Samuel 23:15) and Hachilah ( 1 Samuel 23:19) are not certain. 7 Saul soon learned that David was at Keilah. 23. He saved him by bringing information to his ears that David needed to protect himself ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; 1 Samuel 23:25). Obedience. How did God deliver David? There are slight variations in the way biblical scholars divide the contents of 1 Samuel. Some of David"s sympathizers ("they," 1 Samuel 23:25) informed him that Saul was approching with soldiers. The following is a suggested outline: I. Jonathan had reached a point in his faith in God where he was willing to let go of what he wanted so he might do what God wanted. Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. ", [Note: Gordon, I & II Samuel . 1 Samuel • ... them and return the money they robbed. Jonathan encouraged David "in God" (cf. 19 But now the men of Ziph went to Saul in Gibeah and betrayed David to him. . 21 When her husband Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow, 22 Hannah did not go. "At last someone is concerned about me! 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" Saul fails to obey and honor God, and the kingdom is given to another man. ., p175. 1 Samuel: Putting God First TABLE OF CONTENTS Click on the study title you’d like to see: ... their emotional highs and lows, you’ll learn more about yourself—and how God wants to work in your life. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. Read about his reliance on God in the psalms of David. 2 Samuel 23-24 Success and Failure 2 Samuel 23:1-7 | 23:8- 39 | 2 Samuel 23 Bible Study 2 Samuel 24:1-9 | 24 ... What can we learn from this? What he said to David rested on God"s promises and plans for David that both Jonathan and Saul now knew (cf. 1 Samuel 23. Israel has been defeated in an initial battle with the Philistines, suffering the loss of about 4,000 lives (1 Samuel 4:1-2). 19 But now the men of Ziph went to Saul in Gibeah and betrayed David to him. Just as Saul"s men were about to close in on David, news reached Saul that the Philistines had invaded an unspecified area of Israel. 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines." 25 When David heard that Saul and his men were searching for him, he went even farther into the wilderness to the great rock, and he remained there in the wilderness of Maon. (2 Samuel 1-5) David was anointed King around the age of 15 but he did not take the throne until he was 30! God has not forgotten you. My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance. What lessons can we learn from this? O LORD, God of Israel, please tell me." 20 Come down whenever you're ready, O king, and we will catch him and hand him over to you!" "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him.. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah.We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army!" Observe his movements—where he goes, who he’s with. And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!". What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? In chapter 7, God reveals his plan for salvation through David's house. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. Saul should have come to their rescue since he was the king, but there is no mention of him doing so. 1 Samuel 1–2:11 What does it mean to keep choosing God in the midst of successes and failures? Thus, it became Samuel’s task to anoint a king from among the people. 1 Samuel 23. Why do you think God showed this to David? Now the priest joined David at Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:6). Whether Israel was under judges or kings, its destiny ultimately depended on God, because all rulers answer to him. A common thread through all these stories is God’s undying faithfulness to his people. In my last message, I told you about my friend, Karl Lind, who is waiting to be with the Lord. Moreover, other godly people encouraged David, namely, Abiathar the priest, who helped him in prayer ( 1 Samuel 23:6), and Jonathan the prince, who reminded him of God"s promises ( 1 Samuel 23:16-18). 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah. "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him. Why or why not? David Flees from Saul (1 Samuel 21‐23) 5. What did Gad tell David to do (24:18)? (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. [Note: Gordon, I & II Samuel . Ahithophel clearly understood David’s vulnerability at this stage of the revolt. David then moved on to Engedi, 14miles east of Ziph, to increase his safety. Meanwhile, David and his men had moved into the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah Valley south of Jeshimon. God has handed him over to me, for he has trapped himself in a walled city!". God gave the answer to David"s second question first, and then He answered his first question. I mentioned that as a boy, I was always looking around, wondering where all the bodies were. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? What do you learn about God’s attitude to *sacrifices? 8 So Saul mobilized his entire army to march to Keilah and attack David and his men. 28 So Saul quit the chase and returned to fight the Philistines. 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. Do you pout and say, “See if I ever serve God again”? The Lord, who is a perfect Father, loves us and knows what will work out best in our lives. This is the last meeting of these "soul brothers" that the text records. They prepared to go down to Keilah to attack David and his men. 4. Samuel was one of the most God-centered leaders of the Old Testament, a man with godly character and the respect of those he served. 15 One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him. 1 Samuel 20:2; 1 Samuel 20:31). Jealousy, Envy, Ignorance, Insecurity, Frustration A. She begged forgiveness on behalf of her entire household, and God used that moment to show David how wrong it would be to take revenge in his own way and kill these innocent servants. God is sovereign. In 1 Samuel 12:22, Samuel was speaking to people who were afraid because of their evil deeds. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 23:4". Hannah Dedicates Samuel. 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. 23 i And as for the matter of which you and I have spoken, behold, j the L ord is between you and me forever. Why do you think God showed this to David? Saul, having made himself drunk with the blood of the priests of the Lord, is here, in this chapter, seeking David’s life, who appears here doing good, and suffering ill, at the same time. She said to her husband, “After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present him before the Lord, and he will live there always.” []. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: David is remembered as "a man after God's own heart." 23. Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. To show that we trust Him, we need to do all we can to obey what He has told us in the Bible, His Word. 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. What might be wrong with Saul’s requests to Samuel? You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/1-samuel-23.html. God had used Abiathar to encourage David recently in Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:6). Keilah evidently had only one gate by which people could enter and exit the town. The Urim (lit. 7 Saul soon learned that David was at Keilah. 9) Continually seek as you grow in the Lord: As Samuel grew, the Lord was with him (1 Samuel 3:19). 5 So David and his men went to Keilah. What do you learn about David’s leadership? Saul proceeded to seek human help in finding David from his allies ("go," "make more sure," "investigate," "see," "look," "learn;" 1 Samuel 23:22-23). 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. They had taken it and tried to set it up in their temple. Then they told David, saying, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors.” 21 "The LORD bless you," Saul said. Again the writer directed our attention back to Saul. Only God can see the big picture. Saul summoned soldiers to accompany him to Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:7), but there is no mention that he prayed for divine guidance as David had done ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4). 2:2). “There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. Then I'll go with you. Exodus 28:30). Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.*2. 1-2 Samuel show that sin can result in horrible consequences: Eli the priest fails to fear God and his two sons are killed because of it. You are here: God >> The Bible >> 1 Samuel 23 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors.. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" The high priest carried them in the pocket on the front of his ephod (apron). Really it was David who was in need of compassion from these people, but he found none. Because if you do not kill these men, they will again murder my caravans and even my ambassadors, and the ambassadors between us will cease. David and Goliath: Bold Faith (1 Samuel 17) 3. That was what they thought. How often do you take time to examine yourself before God? But Saul kept after him. 25 When David heard that Saul and his men were searching for him, he went even farther into the wilderness to the great rock, and he remained there in the wilderness of Maon. Meanwhile, David and his men had moved into the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah Valley south of Jeshimon. 1 Samuel chapter 3. He trusted in God. 12 Again David asked, "Will these men of Keilah really betray me and my men to Saul?" Again Saul spoke piously (cf. The literary spotlight now moves back from Saul to David and his activities. * And will Saul actually come as I have heard? 1 Samuel 22. He fell flat on his face and ended up with a broken neck. Introduction. He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. Romans 12:17-21 – Never avenge yourselves. David and the Holy Bread . This is a most difficult time for David. The birth and early years of Samuel (1:1–7:14). David continues to be protected by the Lord. DD. God told David to go against the Philistines first. New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers. Then, in response to David"s second prayer, He promised that He (emphatic in the Hebrew text) would give the Philistines into David"s hand. The threshing floors were places where the Israelites stored their threshed grain after threshing it (cf. 1 Samuel 30:6). 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. God had revealed to David, that in the end, the LORD is judge of all. 14 David now stayed in the strongholds of the wilderness and in the hill country of Ziph. 2 Samuel 23-24 Success and Failure 2 Samuel 23:1-7 | 23:8- 39 | 2 Samuel 23 Bible Study 2 Samuel 24:1-9 | 24 ... What can we learn from this? "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. lights) and Thummim (lit. David as a Fugitive. However there is no mention of his seeking divine help in prayer (cf. There are slight variations in the way biblical scholars divide the contents of 1 Samuel. 20 Come down whenever you're ready, O king, and we will catch him and hand him over to you!". When it's easy and when it's not? 6 Abiathar the priest went to Keilah with David, taking the ephod with him to get answers for David from the LORD. David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). "1, 12 Again David asked, "Will these men of Keilah really betray me and my men to Saul?" And during that waiting period David faced a lot of hardship. Themes in 1 Samuel . Whether Israel was under judges or kings, its destiny ultimately depended on God, because all rulers answer to him. in God. He also described himself as the Lord"s "servant" twice. 1: Some manuscripts lack the first sentence of 23:11. Ruling the people is a great honor bestowed upon man by God, but it carries with it a great responsibility. In 1 Samuel 23: 7 Saul still thinks God is on his side. What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? You are here: God >> The Bible >> 1 Samuel 23 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. Hannah’s Prayer - Then Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; in the LORD my horn is lifted high. The writer gave credit to David for the victory ( 1 Samuel 23:5), but clearly it was God who enabled him to win against such a daunting foe ( 1 Samuel 23:4). The willingness of the people of Keilah to hand their savior over to Saul demonstrates base ingratitude for David"s deliverance of them. 1-samuel 23:16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. Samuel’s heritage lived on in a remarkable way. 1 Samuel 23 Now they told David, "The Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing floors." And the LORD said, "He will come. Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" What do you think about Saul’s behaviour? It also reveals how fearful they were of Saul who had recently destroyed another town, Nob, for harboring David ( 1 Samuel 22:19). 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!" What was David’s response to what he saw (24:17)? Do you allow him to shine his spotlight onto those areas which are not in line with his will and purposes for you? 1 Samuel 23:16 "And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God." And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you.". Did David do it (19)? What do you learn about pride? Discussion on the book of 1 Samuel chapter 23 from the King James Bible Online. "We have just witnessed how Saul, in an outburst of rage, became responsible for the destruction of the priestly city of Nob. Hermon to the Red Sea, including the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea regions. But Saul kept after him. In 1 Samuel we read that the ark had been captured by the Philistine tribes. Now go back and check everything out. David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). He attributed cunning to David, but Saul was really the cunning hunter in this story. She said to her husband, “After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present him before the Lord, and he will live there always.” []. We can be blind to our own condition too. 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. What did Gad tell David to do (24:18)? "My father will never find you! 27 an urgent message reached Saul that the Philistines were raiding Israel again. You are going to be the king of Israel, and I will be next to you, as my father is well aware." 1 When David was told, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors,” 2 he inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” The Lord answered him, “Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah.” 3 But David’s men said to him, “Here in Judah we are afraid. 15:22-23 Put this story into your own words. 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. 23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. Evidently the Ziphites thought that they would be better off if they informed Saul of David"s presence in their area than if the king discovered that he was there. I’m sure there were days that David felt forgotten by God. Type: Sunday School Outlines. They thought that God might destroy their entire nation because of his anger against them.
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