Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the day of the deed; and remain by the stone Ezel. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 20:4". i. And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD be between you and me forever.”. And he said to him, "Far from it! By giving David early warning of this Jonathan will help David, And the LORD will be with you as He has been with my father, : Jonathan wants to give David more than a warning; he gives him. David's word here meant that if Jonathan knew of any sin, guilt, or fault whatever on David's part that could possibly justify his execution, then David requests that Jonathan himself slay David rather than turning him over to the king. May the Lord be with you, as he has been with my father. Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. 1 Samuel 20:24-25 On the new moon's day Saul sat at table, and as always, at his seat by the wall, i.e., at the top, just as, in eastern lands at the present day, the place of honour is the seat in the corner (see Harmar Beobachtungen ii. He was a ruler who governed 2. It appears that this appeal by Jonathan to David was made during their journey together "into the field." 2. : This assured David that Jonathan was still his loyal friend, and that Jonathan hadn’t bought into Saul’s lies about David. If your father misses me: David asked Jonathan to observe Saul’s reaction to David’s absence at an important feast held monthly for the high officials of state. David is asking Jonathan, “Am I in the wrong here? It is not so: Apparently, David wondered why Jonathan didn’t tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.” And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, “Why should he be killed? And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad, with him. : Jonathan knew from this response that Saul’s heart was settled on evil against David. Then Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, ‘May the LORD be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.’” So he arose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city. "Come let us go out into the field. : A small thing – the signal of a single arrow – told David his whole life was changed. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. The second point may be more interesting than relevant. Jonathan knew that one day David and his descendants would rule over Israel and he wanted a promise that David and his descendants will not kill or mistreat the descendants of Jonathan. "[10], "So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. : Again, David seems somewhat shaken by the fact that Jonathan did not tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, : Jonathan knew he might never see David again. In this unbelief of God's prophet, the sin of Saul was approaching its climax. F. C. Cook wrote that, "This hiding place was either a natural cavernous rock, or some ruin of an ancient building, especially suited for a hiding place. So when it happened the next day… that David’s place was empty, Saul demanded an explanation. This episode confirmed the status of David as an outlaw, to be hunted down and destroyed like a ravenous beast, provided that Saul, with all of the resources of the kingdom of Israel at his disposal, could successfully achieve it. a. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-18 (Read 1 Samuel 1:9-18) Hannah mingled tears with her prayers; she considered the mercy of our God, who knows the troubled soul. Either he would be welcomed back to the palace and his home or he would be a fugitive until Saul gave up the hunt for David. It is, however, much more. 66ff. You shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever: Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. In these words, Saul recognized the prevalent Oriental custom of those times that gave all of a deposed king's wives and concubines to his successor. Only Jonathan and David knew of the matter. : Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. SAUL VIOLENTLY ANGRY WITH DAVID AND JONATHAN, "Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? So they both went out into the field.". God gives us leave, in prayer, not only to ask good things in general, but to mention that special good thing we most need and desire. 1-10.Las pruebas que enfrentó David le prepararon para su futuro progreso. In those days, it … As Willis noted, "These events (of 1 Samuel 19-20) transpired over a relatively brief period, following the ostensible reconciliation between Saul and David in 1 Samuel 19:7. He remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that his father was against David. He could even hear it in the songs the women sang about David (18:7), in the deep love and affection shown David by his own family (18:1-5, 20), and the respect and admiration he gained from those in … Jonathan’s response is the same as in 1 Samuel 20:2. And as soon as the lad had gone, David rose from beside the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed three times; and they kissed one another and wept with one another, until David recovered himself. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "What have I done? Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Despite Saul’s intentions, David would not die at the hands of Saul or any other enemy. “David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind and flee as a fugitive, the LORD will be with you. And they kissed one another; and they wept together, but David more so. It will be kindness to ourselves and to ours, to secure an interest in those whom God favours, and to make his friends ours. (19-20) Samuel’s miraculous conception and his birth. c. And the LORD will be with you as He has been with my father: Jonathan wants to give David more than a warning; he gives him encouragement also. Nevertheless, if there is iniquity in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father?” But Jonathan said, “Far be it from you! But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they, : If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had. Apparently, Saul used the occasion for a meeting of important members of his government. on this side of you; get them and come’—then, as the LORD lives, safety for you and no harm. When the lad had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried out after the lad and said, “Is not the arrow beyond you?” And Jonathan cried out after the lad, “Make haste, hurry, do not delay!” So Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. But David’s place was empty: David was expected to be at this special feast of the New Moon, and so he his absence was clearly noticed. He wanted to know what, thought but it was more important for David to know what. David fleeing from Naioth came to Jonathan, and acquainted him with his circumstances, and entreated his favour, 1 Samuel 20:1; which Jonathan promised, and renewed the covenant with him, 1 Samuel 20:9; a scheme was formed between them, by which David might know whether Saul was reconciled to him, and he might come to court, 1 Samuel 20… This bleak road was important in David’s life because if David would be safe now and promoted to king later, David must learn to let God be his defense and his promoter. Critics affirm here that, "Jonathan's proposition that they should go out into the field where they would be free from observation contradicts the intent of the main narrative, namely, that it would be dangerous for them to be seen together going into the field. He. Jonathan and David probably envisioned working together, as partners, as friends, both before and after the time David became king. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. But David replied, "Your father knows well that I have found favor in your eyes; and he thinks, `Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.' https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-20.html. For as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the earth, neither you nor your kingdom shall be established. In 1 Samuel 1:11, she articulates one of the more tenacious and bold prayers in all of Scripture, “O LORD of hosts, if only you will look on the misery of your servant, and remember me, and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a male child, then I will set him before you as a nazirite until the day of his death. 6 If your father misses me at all, tell him, ‘David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown, because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.’ 7 If he says, ‘Very well,’ then your servant is safe. 1 Samuel 20. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. He came asking Jonathan what great sin has he committed that has made Saul so upset with him. Finally, the loving arms of his wife Michal awaited him in their home on the city wall. (1Sa 20:24-34) Saul is enraged when he learns of David's absence. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Jonathan senses that David is in a vulnerable place and he wants to give him encouragement in the midst of it. This final meeting of David and Jonathan is sad indeed. "Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly?" "And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … He would no longer be welcome among the army of Israel. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. iii. Then Jonathan answered Saul his father, "Why should he be put to death? Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. : David and Jonathan loved each other and had a strong bond of friendship. Saul’s anger was aroused… “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman”. Are you still behind me?” Essentially, David says “If you really are working for your father and agree with him that I deserve to die, then just kill me now.”. . "There is but a step between me and death" (1 Samuel 20:3). Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 1:4-20 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This appears to be a story only about a childless woman who brings her problem to the Lord and finds help. And send you away, that you may go in safety: Jonathan knows that if his father Saul intends evil against David it means that David must go away. From this it is clear that Saul did not believe the word of the prophet Samuel who had told him long previously that his kingdom would not continue. Besides all this, a visitation from God himself had frustrated Saul's expedition to Nairoth. When I have sounded out my father: Jonathan will find out his father’s heart and will report it to David, to say if it is good or bad towards David. "In the morning Jonathan went out into the field to the appointment with David, and with him a little lad. There was a dreadful premonition on Jonathan's part that Saul's enmity against David would terminate in Saul's being "cut off from the face of the earth." Are you still behind me?” Essentially, David says “If you really are working for your father and agree with him that I deserve to die, then just kill me now.”, i. And they kissed one another; and they wept together, but David more so. And he and Samuel went and lived at Naioth. Therefore deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a sacred covenant with you. What has he done"? When the lad had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried out after the lad and said, “, not the arrow beyond you?” And Jonathan cried out after the lad, “Make haste, hurry, do not delay!” So Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. For if I knew certainly that evil was determined by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you?” Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me, or what if your father answers you roughly?” And Jonathan said to David, “Come, and let us go out into the field.” So both of them went out into the field. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. : With this encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer doubt his loyalty. because they both agreed to honor each other not only in life, but also to honor each other’s families beyond their own lifetimes. But the Spirit of God came even upon him, and he walked along prophesying until he came … What is my guilt? It often does not seem fair that so much in life should turn on small moments, but a lifetime is made of nothing but many small moments. And why should my father hide this thing from me? Why should he be killed? you evil, then I will report it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. But the lad knew nothing; only Jonathan and David knew the matter. (1 Samuel 20:1). Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. ", "Come let us go out into the field.
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