Collytus was a few miles from the Academy, so Plato’s relocating nearby the Academy would have been an important step in establishing himself there. Hegesinus of Pergamon succeed the dual scholarchs from Phocaea. A very clear and well documented portrait of Plato’s Academy. While the Platonic Academy is often seen as the prototype of a new kind of educational organization, it is important to note that it was just one of many such organizations established in fourth-century Athens. It has been sug… R. D. Hicks. Unlike the claim that Plato purchased property in the sacred precinct of the Academy, this assertion is possible, for the grounds of the Academy were used for burial, shrines, and memorials. Choose from 104 different sets of term:plato = founded the academy flashcards on Quizlet. While claims that the Academy was an “Organized School of Political Science” or the “RAND Corporation” of antiquity go too far in ascribing formal structure and organization to the Academy, Plato and the individuals associated with the Academy were involved in the political issues of their time as well as purely theoretical discussions about political philosophy. marks the end of the particular institution begun by Plato, philosophers who identified as Platonists and Academics persisted in Athens until at least the sixth century C.E. Scholars infer from the varied viewpoints of thinkers like Eudoxus, Speusippus, Xenocrates, Aristotle, and others present in the Academy during Plato’s lifetime that Plato encouraged a diversity of perspectives and discussion of alternative views, and that being a participant in the Academy did not require anything like adherence to Platonic orthodoxy. Saunders, Trevor J. “‘The Rand Corporation of Antiquity’? The various Epistles ascribed to Plato support this view by attesting to Plato’s involvement in the politics of Syrcause, Atarneus, and Assos. J. H. Betts et al. Trans. Given the proximity of Plato’s private residence to the sanctuary and gymnasium of the Academy and the fact that his nearby property and school were both referred to as “the Academy” (Plutarch, On Exile 603b), there has been confusion about the particulars of the physical plant of the Platonic Academy. and associated with Pericles, the important statesman and general (Plato, Phaedrus 270a). The writings of Aristotle are a valuable resource for learning more about the philosophies of some of the individuals that were part of the early Academy. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1902. While Thucydides’ work does not shed light on the Academy, he does describe its environs and other aspects of Athenian history that are important for understanding Plato. Michael Chase. The structure of the Platonic Academy during Plato’s time was probably emergent and loosely organized. The Neoplatonists in Athens called themselves "successors" (diadochoi, but of Plato) and presented themselves as an unint… In the fifth century B.C.E., philosophers and sophists came to Athens from elsewhere, drawn by the city’s growing wealth and climate of intellectual activity. Trans. Similarly, the Euthydemus presents a conversation between Socrates and two sophists in search of students in a gymnasium building on the grounds of the Lyceum (271a-272e). Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. Plato’s silence about the Academy adds to the difficulty of labeling his Academy with the English word “school.” Diogenes Laertius refers to Plato’s Academy as a “hairesis,” which can be translated as “school” or “sect”  (Lives III.41). John. It had once been home to religious groups with its grove of olive trees dedicated to Athena, the goddess of wisdom, war, and crafts. The Plato Academy. Part of the purpose of Plato’s trips to Syracuse may have been to participate in political reform, but it is also possible that Plato was seeking patrons for the philosophical activity engaged in at the Academy. Byzantine Greek encyclopedia. Plato founded the Academy, and Aristotle was a student there. Clitomachus of Carthage succeeded Carneades in 129 B.C.E. 127 (2007): 106-122. A study of the Academy with special attention to the philosophies of Plato’s successors. Aristophanes’ The Clouds, first produced in 423 B.C.E., contrasts the rustic beauty of the Academy and traditional education of the past with the chattering and sophistic values of the Agora. Plato founded the Academy sometime between 390-380 BCE in Athens. One way to develop a partial picture of the Academy after Plato’s death is to review the succession of Academic scholarchs.
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