A good bee and butterfly plant[24]. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Bloom Color: Pink. All plant pages have their own unique code. Lythrum salicaria is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. Mostly opposite or whorled, narrow to lance-shaped, 2-6 in. Rich in calcium[179]. Plant them out in the spring. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The leaves contain about 12% tannin, the stems 10.5%, the flowers 13.7% and the roots 8.5%[218]. The stems are reddish-purple or red to purple and square in cross-section. It should not be confused with other plants sharing the name loosestrife that are members of the family Primulaceae. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Non-native Invasive Freshwater Plants - Purple Loosestrife (, United States National Agricultural Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lythrum_salicaria&oldid=991810722, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Happy' with red flowers on a short (60 cm) stem, 'Purple Spires' with purple flowers on a tall stem. According to the U.S Forest Service, Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and for 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species. It has gradually spread throughout much of the United Stat… Europe, including Britain, south to N. Africa east to western and northern Asia. Lythrum salicaria LITH-rum sal-ih-KARE-ee-ah Audio The showy purple spikes of purple loosestrife are attractive in the garden and along roadsides, but the plant’s rampant spread has greatly reduced the ecological value of marshes by displacing native wetland vegetation such as cattails ( Typha spp.) The species Lythrum intermedium Ledeb. Root - cooked[13]. Modern research has shown the whole plant to be antibiotic and to be particularly effective against the micro-organism that causes typhus[254]. Infestations of either of the Galerucella species is extremely effective in wiping out a stand of purple loosestrife, defoliating up to 100% of the plants in an area. It can also be used to treat heavy periods and inter-menstrual bleeding[254]. Lythrum salicariais a herbaceousperennial plant, that can grow 1–2 m tall, forming clonal colonies1.5 m or more in width with numerous erect stems growing from a single woody root mass. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Caterpillars of the engrailed moth (Ectropis crepuscularia), a polyphagous geometer moth, also feed on purple loosestrife. Form: Upright or erect. It is valued as an intestinal disinfectant, especially in cases of enteritis[7], an infusion is used internally in the treatment of diarrhoea, internal bleeding, excessive menstruation etc[9, 222, 238]. Etymology: (Greek: clotted blood, from use of Lythrum salicaria, the first named sp., to stop hemorrhaging, according to Gerard, Bull Torrey Bot Club 12: 60. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database 1885) Reference: Houghton-Thompson et al. Genus Lythrum can be annuals or herbaceous perennials, with simple leaves in opposite pairs and small star-shaped flowers in leafy racemes Details 'Blush' is an erect herbaceous perennial to 80cm in height, with lance-shaped leaves and slender racemes of pale pink flowers from midsummer to early autumn Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Lythrum salicaria ‘Robin’ bears magenta pink flowers over a particularly long period – typically from late spring … Prefers a neutral to alkaline soil[238]. Plants marketed under the name "European wand loosestrife" (L. virgatum) are the same species despite the different name. Lythrum salicaria ‘Robert’ is a more compact variant of Purple loosestrife growing to a maximum of around 80cm with spikes of clear pink flowers from June-September. Take care to prevent further seed spread from clothing or equipment during the removal process. A number of insects use Lythrum salicaria as a food resource. It has strong, upright stems, from which long, poker-like heads of bright purple-red flowers appear from midsummer. It grows well in the sun or semi-shade. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) Stem. It degrades natural habitat and changes … USDA Plant Database (NRCS). Purple loosestrife provides a model of successful biological pest control. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/lytsal/all.html The beetles used as biological control agents include two species of leaf beetle: Galerucella calmariensis and Galerucella pusilla; and three species of weevil: Hylobius transversovittatus, Nanophyes breves, and Nanophyes marmoratus. We are currently updating this section. [1][2][3], L. salicaria is very variable in leaf shape and degree of hairiness, and a number of subspecies and varieties have been described, but it is now generally regarded as monotypic with none of these variants being considered of botanical significance.
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